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Greater sage grouse
Trumpeter Swan
Trumpeter SwanPrior to the year 2000, the Trumpeter Swan’s population
was declining in the Rocky Mountain West. After the
year 2000, the Trumpeters Swans population has continued
to increase, due to diligence to Conservation.
CougarThe Cougar’s habitat covered the greater
part of North, South, and Central America.
Their North American habitat has significantly
decreased, in the Eastern United States and
Eastern Canada the Cougar’s habitat is no longer found.
Greater Sage-Grouse performing a mating display on a lek. Photo by Tom Reichner/Shutterstock
Greater Sage-Grouse
The Greater Sage Grouse (Centrocercus
urophasianus) are a striking and charismatic bird,
and are most notable for their elaborate
courtship rituals.
Pronghorn (American Antelope)
(American Antelope)
At the turn of the 20th century, members
of the wildlife conservation group Boone and Crockett Club
had determined that the extinction of the Pronghorn
the pronghorn was likely. By the 1920s Pronghorn
population had decreased to roughly 13,000.
Conservation efforts have helped the Pronghorn population
to increase between 500,000 to 1,000,000.
MooseSince the 1990s, moose populations have
declined dramatically in much of temperate
North America. The decrease in population is
due to local predators and disease.
Pygmy Rabbit
Bighorn Sheep
Bighorn SheepTwo hundred years ago, bighorn sheep were widespread throughout the
western United States, Canada, and northern Mexico. The population was
estimated to be 150,000 to 200,000. The population has dramatically
decreased due to, habitat destruction, overgrazing of rangelands, and diseases.
Mule Deer
Mule DeerMule Deer migrate from low elevation winter ranges to high elevations summer ranges. Researchers
discovered the longest mule deer migration in Wyoming spanning 150 miles from winter to summer range.
Protecting migrations corridors is essential to maintain healthy mule deer populations.
ElkElk migrate into areas of higher altitude in the spring, following the retreating snows, and the opposite
direction in the fall. The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem elk herds comprise as many as 40,000 individuals.
During the spring and fall, they take part in the longest elk migration in the continental U.S., traveling
as much as 168 mi (270 km) between summer and winter ranges.
Greater Sage Grouse
Greater Sage-Grouse
Greater sage-grouse is a striking and charismatic
bird and is the largest grouse in North America.
The species is in decline across its range due to
habitat loss.
Yellow Billed Cuckoo
Yellow-billed cuckoo
The yellow-billed cuckoo is a cuckoo. Common
folk-names for this bird in the southern United
States are rain crow and storm crow.
Canadian Lynx
Canadian Lynx
Canadian LynxCanada Lynx are made for hunting in deep snow,
with thick cushions of hair on the soles of their
feet that act like built-in snowshoes.
Grizzly Bears
Grizzly Bear
Grizzly BearGrizzly bears are mainly solitary and territorial,
except for mothers and her cubs or when a
plentiful food source is discovered.
Gray Wolf
Gray Wolf
Gray WolfThe gray wolf is one of the world's best known
and well researched animals, with probably more
books written about it than any other wildlife

Description CTA

Conservation & Mitigation Banks

TerraWest Conservancy is an industry leader in the field of conservation and wetland mitigation banks. Landowners attempting to monetize their property utilizing conservation and restoration activities need professional guidance from a team with expertise in biology and ecology as well as real estate and conservation finance to fully capture their land’s ecosystem services value. Bank sponsors have relied upon us to bring together the components crucial to any successful banking venture, including site selection, market and financial analysis, strategic design, bank entitlement, asset management, sales and marketing, and bank disposition and fundraising.

Conservation banks are permanently protected lands that are preserved and managed for their natural resource values. Landowners who establish a conservation bank have the economic advantage to sell habitat credits to developers that impact similar resources.


What is a Conservation Bank?

A conservation bank is a parcel of land containing natural resource values that are conserved and managed in perpetuity, through a conservation easement held by an entity responsible for enforcing the terms of the easement, for specified listed species and used to offset impacts occurring elsewhere to the same resource values on non-bank lands. Bank parcels are typically large enough to accommodate the mitigation of multiple projects. A project proponent will secure a certain amount of natural resource values within the bank to offset the impacts to those same values offsite.

The bank is specifically managed and protected by the banker or designee for the natural resource values. The values of the natural resources are translated into quantified “credits”. Typically, the credit price will include funding for the long-term natural resource management and protection of those values. Project proponents are, therefore, able to complete their conservation needs through a one-time purchase of credits from the conservation bank. This allows “one-stop-shopping” for the project proponent, providing conservation and management for listed species in one simplified transaction. A bank can be created in several different ways:

  • Acquisition of existing habitat.
  • Protection of existing habitat through conservation easements.
  • Restoration or enhancements of disturbed habitat.
  • Creation of new habitat in some situations.
  • Prescriptive management of habitats for specified biological characteristics.

Banks can be created in association with specific projects or can proceed from a circumstance where the project proponent sets aside more area than is needed for the immediate project, or where the specific project and is willing to protect the remaining area and thus generate credits, or where the specific project is implemented over a longer period of time.

A conservation bank also can be created as an entrepreneurial effort in anticipation of an independent customer base with several different potential projects. Once conservation banks are established, conservation banks each credit they sell is considered to be part of the environmental baseline. As a result, future project evaluations and listing or delisting decisions can be made in a more stable ecological context. This stability is one of conservation banking’s greatest assets, both from an ecological and economic standpoint.

For this reason, conservation banks must be established in perpetuity, regardless of the future status of the species for which the bank was initially established.


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